Amrita Pritam (31 August 1919 – 31 October 2005) was an Indian novelist, essayist and poet, who wrote in Punjabi and Hindi. She is taken into account the primary outstanding feminine Punjabi poet, novelist, essayist and the main 20th-century poet of the Punjabi language, who’s equally beloved on each side of the India–Pakistan border. With a profession spanning over six a long time, she produced over 100 books of poetry, fiction, biographies, essays, a group of Punjabi people songs and an autobiography that had been all translated into a number of Indian and international languages.
She is finest remembered for her poignant poem, Ajj aakhaan Waris Shah nu (At present I invoke Waris Shah – “Ode to Waris Shah”), an elegy to the 18th-century Punjabi poet, an expression of her anguish over massacres through the partition of India. As a novelist, her most famous work was Pinjar (“The Skeleton”, 1950), during which she created her memorable character, Puro, an epitome of violence towards ladies, lack of humanity and supreme give up to existential destiny; the novel was made into an award-winning movie, Pinjar (2003).
When India was partitioned into the unbiased states of India and Pakistan in 1947, she migrated from Lahore, to India, although she remained equally in style in Pakistan all through her life, as in comparison with her contemporaries like Mohan Singh and Shiv Kumar Batalvi.
Referred to as crucial voice for the ladies in Punjabi literature, in 1956, she turned the primary lady to win the Sahitya Akademi Award for her magnum opus, an extended poem, Sunehade (Messages), later she acquired the Bharatiya Jnanpith, one among India’s highest literary awards, in 1982 for Kagaz Te Canvas (“The Paper and the Canvas”). The Padma Shri got here her approach in 1969 and at last, Padma Vibhushan, India’s second highest civilian award, in 2004, and in the identical 12 months she was honoured with India’s highest literary award, given by the Sahitya Akademi (India’s Academy of Letters), the Sahitya Akademi Fellowship given to the “immortals of literature” for lifetime achievement. she wrote her poems principally for the partition
Amrita Pritam Biography
Amrita Pritam Background
Amrita Pritam was born as Amrit Kaur in 1919 in Mandi Bahauddin, Punjab, in present-day Pakistan, the one baby of Raj Bibi, who was a college instructor and Kartar Singh Hitkari, who was a poet, a scholar of the Braj Bhasha language, and the editor of a literary journal. Moreover this, he was a pracharak – a preacher of the Sikh religion. Amrita’s mom died when she was eleven. Quickly after, she and her father moved to Lahore, the place she lived until her migration to India in 1947. Confronting grownup duties and besieged by loneliness following her mom’s dying, she started to put in writing at an early age. Her first anthology of poems, Amrit Lehran (“Immortal Waves”) was printed in 1936, at age sixteen, the 12 months she married Pritam Singh, an editor to whom she was engaged in early childhood, and adjusted her title from Amrit Kaur to Amrita Pritam. Half a dozen collections of poems had been to comply with between 1936 and 1943.
Although she started her journey as a romantic poet, quickly she shifted gears, and have become a part of the Progressive Writers’ Motion and its impact was seen in her assortment, Lok Peed (“Individuals’s Anguish”, 1944), which overtly criticised the war-torn financial system, after the Bengal famine of 1943. She was additionally concerned in social work to a sure extent and took part in such actions wholeheartedly, after Independence when social activist Guru Radha Kishan took the initiative to deliver the primary Janta Library in Delhi, which was inaugurated by Balraj Sahni and Aruna Asaf Ali and contributed to the event accordingly. This research centre cum library remains to be operating at Clock Tower, Delhi. She additionally labored at a radio station in Lahore for some time, earlier than the partition of India.
M. S. Sathyu, famend because the director of the partition film Garam Hava (1973), paid a theatrical tribute to her by his uncommon theatrical efficiency ‘Ek Thee Amrita’.
Partition of India
A million folks, Hindus, Sikhs and Muslims died from communal violence that adopted the partition of India in 1947, and left Amrita Pritam a Punjabi refugee at age 28, when she left Lahore and moved to New Delhi. Subsequently, in 1947, whereas she was pregnant along with her son, and travelling from Dehradun to Delhi, she expressed anguish on a chunk of paper just like the poem, “Ajj Aakhaan Waris Shah Nu” (I ask Waris Shah At present); this poem was to later immortalize her and turn out to be probably the most poignant reminder of the horrors of Partition. The poem addressed to the Sufi poet Waris Shah, creator of the tragic saga of Heer and Ranjah and with whom she shares her birthplace.
Amrita Pritam labored till 1961 within the Punjabi service of All India Radio, Delhi. After her divorce in 1960, her work turned extra feminist. A lot of her tales and poems drew on the sad expertise of her marriage. Quite a few her works have been translated into English, French, Danish, Japanese, Mandarin, and different languages from Punjabi and Urdu, together with her autobiographical works Black Rose and Rasidi Ticket (Income Stamp).
The primary of Amrita Pritam’s books to be filmed was Dharti Sagar te Sippiyan, as Kadambari (1965), adopted by Unah Di Kahani, as Daaku (Dacoit, 1976), directed by Basu Bhattacharya. Her novel Pinjar (The Skeleton, 1950) narrates the story of partition riots together with the disaster of ladies who suffered through the occasions. It was made into an award-winning Hindi film by Chandra Prakash Dwivedi, due to its humanism: “Amritaji has portrayed the struggling of individuals of each the international locations.” Pinjar was shot in a border area of Rajasthan and Punjab.
She edited Nagmani, a month-to-month literary journal in Punjabi for a number of years, which she ran along with Imroz, for 33 years; although after Partition she wrote prolifically in Hindi as effectively. Later in life, she turned to Osho and wrote introductions for a number of books of Osho, together with Ek Onkar Satnam, and likewise began writing on religious themes and desires, producing works like Kaal Chetna (“Time Consciousness”) and Agyat Ka Nimantran (“Name of the Unknown”). She had additionally printed autobiographies, titled, Kala Gulab (“Black Rose”, 1968), Rasidi Ticket (“The Income Stamp”, 1976), and Aksharon kay Saayee (“Shadows of Phrases”).
Amrita Pritam Awards and honors
Amrita was the primary recipient of Punjab Rattan Award conferred upon her by Punjab Chief Minister Capt. Amarinder Singh. She was the primary feminine recipient of the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1956 for Sunehadey (poetic diminutive of the Punjabi phrase “ਸੁਨੇਹੇ” (Sunehe), Messages), Amrita Pritam acquired the Bhartiya Jnanpith Award, India’s highest literary award, in 1982 for Kagaj te Canvas (Paper and Canvas). She acquired the Padma Shri (1969) and Padma Vibhushan, India’s second highest civilian award, and Sahitya Akademi Fellowship, India’s highest literary award, additionally in 2004. She acquired D.Litt. honorary levels, from many universities together with, Delhi College (1973), Jabalpur College (1973) and Vishwa Bharati (1987).
She additionally acquired the worldwide Vaptsarov Award from the Republic of Bulgaria (1979) and Diploma of Officer dens, Ordre des Arts et des Lettres (Officier) by the French Authorities (1987). She was nominated as a member of Rajya Sabha 1986–92. In direction of the tip of her life, she was awarded by Pakistan’s Punjabi Academy, to which she had remarked, Bade dino baad mere Maike ko meri Yaad aayi.. (My motherland has remembered me after a very long time); and likewise Punjabi poets of Pakistan, despatched her a chaddar, from the tombs of Waris Shah, and fellow Sufi mystic poets Bulle Shah and Sultan Bahu.
Amrita Pritam Private life
Amrita Pritam at Heathrow Airport, London in 1971.
In 1935, Amrita married Pritam Singh, son of a hosiery service provider of Lahore’s Anarkali bazaar. That they had two youngsters collectively, a son and a daughter. In 1960, Amrita Pritam left her husband. She can also be stated to have had an unrequited affection for poet Sahir Ludhianvi. The story of this love is depicted in her autobiography, Rasidi Ticket (Income Stamp). When one other lady, singer Sudha Malhotra got here into Sahir’s life, Amrita discovered solace within the companionship of the artist and author Imroz. She spent the final forty years of her life with Imroz, who additionally designed most of her guide covers and made her the topic of his a number of work. Their life collectively can also be the topic of a guide, Amrita Imroz: A Love Story.
She died in her sleep on 31 October 2005 on the age of 86 in New Delhi, after an extended sickness. She was survived by her companion Imroz, daughter Kandala, son Navraj Kwatra, daughter-in-law Alka, and her grandchildren, Taurus, Noor, Aman and Shilpi. Navraj Kwatra was discovered murdered in his Borivali house in 2012. Three males had been accused of the homicide however had been acquitted because of lack of proof.
In 2007, an audio album titled, ‘Amrita recited by Gulzar’ was launched by famous lyricist Gulzar, with poems of Amrita Pritam recited by him. A movie on her life can also be in manufacturing. On 31 August 2019, Google honoured her by commemorating her 100th delivery anniversary with a Doodle. The accompanying write up learn as, “At present’s Doodle celebrates Amrita Pritam, one among historical past’s foremost feminine Punjabi writers, who ‘dared to stay the life she imagines.’ Born in Gujranwala, British India, 100 years in the past at the moment, Pritam printed her first assortment of verse on the age of 16.”
Amrita Pritam Bibliography
In her profession spanning over six a long time, she penned 28 novels, 18 anthologies of prose, 5 brief tales and 16 miscellaneous prose volumes.
Amrita Pritam Novel
Kore Kagaz, Unchas Din
Dharti, Sagar aur Seepian
Rang ka Patta
Dilli ki Galiyan
Hardatt Ka Zindaginama
Black Rose (1968)
Rasidi Ticket (1976)
Shadows of Phrases (2004)
Kahaniyan jo Kahaniyan Nahi
Kahaniyon ke Angan mein
Stench of Kerosene
Amrit Lehran (Immortal Waves)(1936)
Jiunda Jiwan (The Exuberant Life) (1939)
Trel Dhote Phul (1942)
O Gitan Valia (1942)
Badlam De Laali (1943)
Sanjh de laali (1943)
Lok Peera (The Individuals’s Anguish) (1944)
Pathar Geetey (The Pebbles) (1946)
Punjab Di Aawaaz (1952)
Sunehade (Messages) (1955) – Sahitya Akademi Award
Ashoka Cheti (1957)
Ik Si Anita (1964)
Chak Nambar Chatti (1964)
Uninja Din (49 Days) (1979)
Kagaz Te Kanvas (1981)- Bhartiya Jnanpith
Chuni Huyee Kavitayen
Nagmani, poetry month-to-month